Francis of Assisi

dskjdklasjdkasjdklasjdkljasdlkj asdjaksdjakdlj
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
This article is about the friar and patron saint. For other uses, see Francis of Assisi (disambiguation).
Saint Francis of Assisi

Painting by Jusepe de Ribera
Born 1181/1182
Papal States
Died 3 October 1226 (age 44-45)
Assisi, Papal States
Venerated in Catholic Church, Anglican Communion, Lutheran Church
Canonized July 16, 1228, Assisi by Pope Gregory IX
Major shrine Basilica of San Francesco d’Assisi
Feast October 4
Attributes Cross, Dove, birds, animals, wolf at feet, Pax et Bonum,
Poor Franciscan habit, Stigmata, Tau Cross (“T-shaped”)
Patronage animals; the environment; Italy; merchants; stowaways[1]

Saint Francis of Assisi (born Giovanni Francesco di Bernardone; 1181/1182 – October 3, 1226)[2] was an Italian Catholic friar and preacher. He founded the Franciscan Order, assisted in founding the woman’s Order of St. Clare, and the lay Third Order of Saint Francis.[3] St. Francis is one of the most venerated religious figures in history.[3]

Francis’ birthname was Giovanni. He was nicknamed ‘Francis’ because of his father’s love of (and great deal of trade in) France. He was the son of a wealthy cloth merchant in Assisi, and he lived the high-spirited life typical of a wealthy young man, even fighting as a soldier for Assisi.[4] While going off to war in 1204, Francis had a vision that directed him back to Assisi, where he lost his taste for his worldly life.[4] On a pilgrimage to Rome, Francis begged with the beggars at St. Peter’s.[4] The experience moved him to live in poverty.[4] Francis returned home, began preaching on the streets, and soon amassed a following. His order was endorsed by the Pope in 1210. He then founded the Order of Poor Ladies, which was an order for old women, as well as the Third Order of Brothers and Sisters of Penance. In 1219, he went to Egypt where crusaders were besieging Damietta, hoping to find martyrdom at the hands of the Muslims. Supposedly, Francis achieved personal rapprochement with the Muslim sultan who declared he would convert if possible. By this point, the Franciscan Order had grown to such an extent that its primitive organizational structure was no longer sufficient. He returned to Italy to organize the order. Once his organization was endorsed by the Pope, he withdrew increasingly from external affairs. In 1223, Francis arranged for the first Christmas manger scene.[4] In 1224, he received the stigmata,[4] making him the first person to bear the wounds of Christ’s Passion.[5] He died in 1226 while singing Psalm 141

Leave A Comment...